January 2 - Denis Healey, the UK Secretary of Defense, cancels the nation's fighter and military transport programmes and orders the purchase of the US-built F-4 Phantom and C-130 Hercules as replacement aircraft.
February 15 - G Meher sets out from Culver City, California on a journey to become the first woman to cross the United States by helicopter
February 19 - Lufthansa signs up as the first customer for the forthcoming Boeing 737
March 2 - Operation Rolling Thunder begins, a massive air campaign against North Vietnam by the US
March 6 - a Sikorsky SH-3A Sea King makes the first non-stop helicopter flight across North America. The distance travelled is 2,116 miles (3,405 kilometres) and a new distance record for helicopters
April 1 - Tasman Empire Airways becomes Air New Zealand
April 6 - United Air Lines places orders for new aircraft worth $US 750 million - the largest airliner purchase at the time.
April 6 - the BAC TSR.2 is cancelled in favour of the General Dynamics F-111 for the Royal Air Force (which is not, in the end, bought either)
April 23 - The first production C-141A Starlifter was delivered to the USAF Military Airlift Command (MAC, successor to MATS).
May 1 - a Lockheed YF-12 sets a new international airspeed record of 2,070 mph (3,331 km/h).
May 12 - Crash of prototype HFB-320 Hansa Jet due to tail design problem; killed was manufacturer Hamburger Flugzeugbau's chief test pilot.
May 26 - Sir Geoffery de Havilland dies aged 82.
June 17 - US Navy fighters from VF-21 shoot down two North Vietnamese Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17s
June 18 - the first B-52 Stratofortress missions are flown against North Vietnam
July 10 - first US Air Force aerial victories of the Vietnam War scored by F-4 Phantoms
the RAF carries out air strikes against Yemeni guerillas near Aden.
The Indian Air Force and Pakistan Air Force engage in clashes over Kashmir
September 11 - the US 1st Cavalry Division arrives in Vietnam with 400 helicopters
September 13 - a new hot air balloon altitude record is set of 9,770 ft (2,978 m)
November 15 - a Boeing 707 makes the first polar circum-navigation of the world.
December 2 - USS Enterprise becomes the first nuclear-powered warship to see combat, launching air strikes at the Viet Cong near Bien Hoa
December 21 - New York Airways commences scheduled helicopter services between Central Manhattan and J.F.K. Int'l Airport New York City, using the roof of the Pan Am building in Manhattan
February 25 - Douglas DC-9
February 27 - Antonov An-22
April 2 - Partenavia Oscar
April 15 - Aérospatiale Puma prototype SA.330
April 22 - Transavia PL-12 Airtruk
May 7 - Canadair Dynavert
May 20 - De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
June 2 - Aerotec Uirapuru
June 4 - Nanchang Q-5
June 13 - Britten-Norman Islander
July 16 - OV-10 Bronco
July 19 - Breguet Atlantic
August 18 - Kamov Ka-26
August 31 - Aero Spacelines Super Guppy
September 7 - AH-1 Cobra
September 27 - A-7 Corsair II
April 1 - NAMC YS-11 with Japan Domestic Airlines
April 9 - BAC One-Eleven with British United Airways